1976: Creation of the IHMSA under the leadership of Elgin Gates. THE INTERNATIONALISATION 1989: Silhouette shooting has been spreading all over Europe and the different national federations or unions get in contact.
This leads to the creation of the AETSM ("Association Européenne de Tir sur Silhouettes Métalliques" which means European Metallic Silhouette Shooting Association).
Roller derby is a uniquely American sport — dating back to 2001 in its current revival and exploding like mad, with new leagues forming daily (both flat- and banked-track). Skaters and referees adopt pseudonyms, but modern roller derby is like old-school roller derby (this ain't your momma's cheesy roller games), and the skaters are trained athletes risking sometimes profound injuries.
We are governed by the Official Rules of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association.The minimum set of safety gear a skater must wear is skate helmet, mouth guard, elbow pads, wrist guards, and knee pads. Injuries are common and include torn knee ligaments, concussions, black eyes, hip hematomas, shin bruises, spiral fractures, bruising, rink rash, Velcro scratches, abrasions, sprained ankles, and dislocations.Seasoned players also suffer rotator cuff damage, lower back pain, and knee problems.The AETSM federates the discipline at European level. 1992: Silhouette shooting is practised all over the world but the sporting rules begin to diverge.The IMSSU (International Metallic Silhouette Shooting Union) is created. Eighteen countries were original IMSSU members, most of them to this day (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, USA and Zimbabwe).